Regeneratively Cooled Engine Challenge Committee Meeting Report – 1/29/2024

by Joel Cool-Panama, Secretary, RRS.ORG

The Regeneratively Cooled Engine Challenge Committee of the Reaction Research Society held a meeting online, 6:00 PM PST – 7:30 PM PST.

Executive Summary

  • The committee decided that ITAR certainly regulates regeneratively cooled engines
    • Society will not be responsible for enforcement of regulations
    • Main issue regarding ITAR is the export of information
    • Public information isn’t unrestricted by ITAR
  • The committee is unsure if US munitions list  impulse limitations apply to static fires
  • Rocket designs will be reviewed by inspection
    • Review engine design
    • Review test procedures
    • Committee to publish guidelines concerning test procedure, fuel systems, safety systems, and specific designs
  • Committee Chairman Rushd is to write a second draft of the competition rules
    • Key rules include:
      • Prohibition on copying commercial hardware
      • Teams must share their data with the committee, including raw CSV data, channel specifications, and corresponding calibration
      • Chamber pressure must be measured directly
  • Teams must provide their own thrust stand


Our meeting began with a review of documentation regarding other rocketry competitions. We believe that we can take a lead from some other organizations with regards to handling ITAR regulations. This is important to the RCEC because regeneratively cooled engines are not in the gray area of the law, they are clearly subject to ITAR regulations. It was noted that rules typically require ITAR compliance, but leave the responsibility for enforcement to the teams, the organizers typically distance themselves from this. It was suggested that we need to make our own rules more explicit in regards to this, that enforcement is not our domain, simply that we expect our competitors to do so as part of their due diligence.

Regarding foreign teams, we were mildly surprised to see that they aren’t necessarily excluded from these types of events. This makes sense, considering the primary concern is export of information. It’s this that is the primary goal of ITAR regulations, to restrict the export of rocketry information, which members such as Richard Garcia were certain to specify. A point was also made that even a US citizen can be restricted by ITAR if they work for a foreign company. A US person is a lawful permanent resident or citizen who doesn’t work for a foreign company.

A question was then posed as to whether or not these engines are necessarily in line with US Munitions List impulse thresholds. In short, it was concluded that we can’t be sure, since we don’t know if these limitations affect static fires or not.

It was mentioned by Dave Nordling that, just because some information is public, it isn’t necessarily free from ITAR restrictions. ITAR doesn’t necessarily make exception for publicly known information, so we still need to be careful when generally discussing rocketry among non-US persons. Unclassified public information can still be used for weapon technologies.

We then discussed how we will be reviewing the design of the competitors’ rockets. It was agreed that we can simply implement review by inspection. We will hold virtual design discussions, test procedure reviews, and first hand inspection on the day of competition testing. This will not only allow us to analyze system design, but can also be an ice breaker with the Society, and allow the teams to get familiar with our testing facilities at the MTA. It was suggested that we should write guidelines, concerning those particular areas of test procedure, fuel systems, safety systems, and specific designs. We can hold several for any team, holding different reviews for TRR, CDR, and so on. The more opportunities for feedback, the better.

It was then asked whether or not the first draft of the rules adequately protect the Society’s assets. It was ultimately determined that rule #31 covers this, while rules #17, #25, and #30 are also related to the good repair of the equipment and safety. More importantly, out of this conversation came an agreement that the rules should be rewritten, as Dave admitted that he had written them in a day, and likely hadn’t thought out organization, as his primary goal was to simply get the rules out before he left the Presidency. Rushd stated that he would draft a new revision of the rules, and would get back to us later.

It was mentioned that UCLA is already working on their design for this contest. Dave reported that he attended their PDR not long ago. He gave his feedback, which apparently wasn’t taken with enthusiasm, but Dave’s judgement carries weight, as the author of the rules.

In regards to the rules, we discussed some of the key points of the first draft. Among those were that teams can’t use designs derivative of commercial hardware. We hope that they come up with their own designs. It was also brought up that the teams are required to share their data with the judging committee, and that the “Microsoft” specification of the CSV format requirement needs to be removed.

In regards to equipment, it was decided that teams should provide their own test setup, and can use the MTA thrust stand.

Another, key aspect of the challenge’s requirements is that chamber pressure be measured directly. Dave defended his choices of 5 second burn duration minimum and 300 psi minimum, stating that 5 seconds certainly prevents burp fires, while admitting that 300 psi is somewhat arbitrary. He stated that halving it to 150 psi would certainly not be sufficient, but that his opinion is that it could be lowered a bit if the committee so chooses.

Then we discussed avoidance of Conflicts of Interests. It was brought up that some teams might be closer to some of the judges than others, in which case Conflicts of Interests may arise. It was stated that the members of the committee are to remain impartial regardless of their personal connections to the teams. Dave gave his personal practice, which is that he gives information freely, but only when asked for it. It was suggest that the best methodology for handling questions would be a public FAQ, and that the best medium would be through Discord. Joel commented that he intends to create a Society Discord server soon.

Finally, the committee ended the meeting by voting to appoint Dave Nordling and Richard Garcia as additional members of the committee.

No date for a future committee meeting has been set, but stay tuned.

January 2024 Meeting

by Joel Cool-Panama, Secretary, RRS.ORG

The Reaction Research Society held its monthly meeting at the Compton/Woodley Airport location, 7:30 PM PST.

The presentation can be found here.

Executive Summary

  • Constitutional amendment vote started December 22nd, ends February 9th
  • Amendment Procedure amendment passed unanimously
  • ITAR regulation rules controversial for RRS Regenerative Engine Competition
  • Dimitri officially Facilities Manager
  • 60’ Launch Rail pad poured, gimbal system to be delivered in March
    • Rushd project manager as of January 1st
  • Electric Grid pad poured, container delivered
  • Firetruck gator purchased and delivered to the MTA
  • Bottle Yard project proposed
  • Dosa Building project estimates found
  • LNG cylinder not yet worked on
    • Dave approves of workshop, wants a new pallet for the cylinder
  • 2024 Symposium has 5 confirmed exhibitors
  • TAM shutdown December 17th, Society assets locked inside
  • UCLA and USC still haven’t rescheduled, LMU may have conflicts with Polaris
  • LACMA project to get Society $9,000 in site use fees, expected to test in June or July
  • AIAA wants to make an RRS exhibit
    • Beta rocket?
    • Scalding Cat?
  • Dues due January 1st
    • Wolfram donated $2,500
    • George Garboden donated $500


  • Constitutional Amendments
  • RRS Regenerative Engine Competition
  • Facilities Manager
  • 60’ Launch Rail Project
  • Electric Grid Project
  • Firetruck Project
  • Bottle Yard Project
  • Dosa Building Insulation Project
  • LNG Cylinder Restoration Project
  • 2024 Symposium
  • Historical Documents
  • MTA Rocketry Events
  • LACMA GALCIT Project
  • Donations, Dues

The January 2024 meeting started off with a discussion of our constitutional amendments. The vote on the seven amendments sent out started on Friday, December 22nd. Joel later sent out a reminder on Wednesday, January 10th. When asked to give a status report on the vote, Election Chairman Xavier Marshall stated that as of this meeting, only seven members had voted on the amendments, a far cry from the 37 votes cast for the Council election last month.

During this meeting, Joel brought an additional eighth amendment to a vote. The procedure currently specified in the Constitution requires that all amendments be passed by vote at a meeting of the members, following thirty days notice. This additional amendment changes the procedure, to use the electronic voting that the Society initiated last month for the previous seven amendments. When brought to a vote, the amendment passed unanimously, with a handful of abstentions.

The next topic of discussion was the new RRS Regenerative Engine Competition. President-Emeritus Dave Nordling handed down his rules for the competition on Sunday, December 31st. Since then, Rushd Julfiker, Drew Cortopassi, and John Krell have been named as potential candidates for the three judge committee judging the competition, and they were approved by the Council at this meeting. During the discussion, it was brought up that some feedback had been given regarding some rules for the competition, namely those banning foreign students and foreign manufacture of parts, in compliance with ITAR. This is reportedly a problem for most universities, since they almost all have foreign born students, especially on their rocketry teams. Also, many of the universities are using foreign manufacturers, often Chinese, to reduce their expenses. Comments were made that we’re only judging their rockets, and Larry, Frank, and Xavier expressed their desire to drop these rules. Richard, aside form his comments on the ceramic coating discussion, also brought up that ITAR only regulates export, and not import. Logan Herrera also commented that he’s had problems with these same regulations with his own organization. Finally, Derek Honkawa commented that CSV isn’t a Microsoft technology, which one rule implies.

We then brought up that we had passed a by-law defining a Facilities Manager position. The Council elected Dimitri Timohovich to this position on Thursday, November 30th, and we certainly hope that he continues to graciously give his time to help the Society upgrade and manage the MTA. Larry also thanked him for lending us his COBRA system.

Discussion of the 60’ Launch Rail followed. Dimitri’s welder friend inspected the ham radio tower on Saturday, December 9th, which is to be the backbone of the rail, and will return later to reinforce it as necessary. On the same day Dimitri oversaw the pouring of the 12’ x 12’ x 12” reinforced pad for the rail. Rushd became manager of the project on January 1st, and Dimitri had to reschedule the delivery of the gimbal system to March, when the owner will be back in California.

Following that we discussed the Electrical Grid project. Dimitri is currently still storing the generator at his home, and he also oversaw the pouring of the 8’ x 10’ x 4” pad for the container. This came at an additional cost of about $550, but saved us at least $1,500 as compared to pouring this pad separate from the rail pad. The container for the generator was delivered on January 6th, again overseen by Dimitri. Dimitri commented yet again that this generator should produce more than enough power for the MTA, and should be even more powerful that Polaris’ generator.

Next came discussion of the firetruck project. It had been recommended that we insure the gator, which Dimitri assured us is possible to do. He also commented that registering the trailer is only $10 for 5 years, but that we don’t need to register the gator, since it’s considered a turf vehicle. About $30,000 has been spent so far, including some new locks, a lo-jack device ($50/year), and some other items. Dimitri also stated that he’s going to place a vinyl RRS logo on the hood of the gator, which Larry had previously suggested.

A proposed bottle yard project was then discussed. The Council previously defined some specifications, such as extending the concrete north of the Dosa Building, putting up fence with gates on the east and west sites, and locking them with combination locks, with a leanto roof above. However, Frank commented during the meeting that he came up with another potential solution. More information will follow.

We then briefly discussed the Dosa Building Insulation project. Three solutions were discussed, including spraying foam insulation on the inside, estimated to cost as much as $6,000. Another was painting the exterior with ceramic, and the third was installing ventilation fans near the ceiling of the building.

We discussed the LNG cylinder restoration. Zach Lesan took custody of the cylinder on December 9th, and as of yet hasn’t done any hard work on the cylinder. Dave has previously visited Zach’s workshop, and deemed it suitable for the task. Dave also asked for Zach to build a better pallet to hold the cylinder. Zach has however found a manual for the cylinder, and determines that it holds a seal, but has a small leak. He plans to get back to us about it in a couple of weeks, and as of yet hasn’t determined if the vacuum is still any good. Richard commented that the cylinder that FAR got needed a vacuum to be pulled, so it seems likely our cylinder will need so done as well.

Next we discussed the 2024 Symposium. As of now five or six exhibitors have confirmed their attendance, much to Frank’s relief, as last month only two had confirmed. Several others are still waiting for their annual budgets, before deciding if they can participate or not. Frank also stated that any people or organization interested in exhibiting or presenting should email him to make arrangements. As of now, Frank is planning for presenters to have 20 minutes to present, out of a designated 30 minute window. Frank also asked that anyone working in the aerospace industry post our flyer around their lunchrooms and elsewhere, to spread the word. He also intends to use Facebook, LinkedIn, Channel 4, EventBrite, and others to spread the word. Frank intends for us to have three tables at the Symposium, one for the RRS Regenerative Engine Competition, one for the MTA, and another for the RRS itself. We will also be having paper rockets again.

Joel then brought up an update for the Society’s Historical Documents. As of now Joel has no new progress to report, but he did want to comment on the current state of where they’re being stored, the Tomorrow’s Aeronautical Museum. In short, the museum was shutdown by the police on December 17th. Many Society assets, including a welder, air compressor, fittings, and other Society assets are still in the museum’s rocket lab. It is unknown when we’ll regain access to these assets, but Xavier assured us that it’ll be within a few months.

Next we discussed the MTA schedule. As of now UCLA and USC still haven’t given definite dates for their delayed static fires. LMU is looking to fire in February or March, although this may conflict with Polaris, which looks to launch in March as of now. LACMA and LMU are both scheduled to meet with Dave, Dimitri, and Rushd on January 20th, to tour the facility.

We then discussed the LACMA project. Dave so far has sent them three of five invoices, totalling nearly $42,000, which they paid for on December 21st. The project will run a total of $60,000, for which the Society will get $9,000 in MTA usage fees.

At this point, Frank interrupted the presentation, and brought up his appeal to a Washington D.C. museum, the AIAA. To his surprise, they were glad to collaborate with us, and would like to make an exhibit for the RRS. Richard at this time commented that Time Pickens and a Scott were not too far from his current location, and he’d talk to them about this subject as former RRS members. It was suggested that we could give them a beta rocket, and Bill Inman later commented that he could hand over his Scalding Cat as an exhibit piece.

The final item on the agenda, Dues and Donations, came next. We want to remind everyone that, per the Constitution, dues are due January 1st. Other than that, we want to extend our gratitude to Wolfram for his donation of $2,500, and to George Garboden for his donation of $500.

Following the end of the agenda, Frank brought up that a military installation in San Pedro could make for a good launch site for model rockets.

Then, Joel asked Wilbur, who showed up near the end of the meeting, what he thought of the TAM situation. He then suggested that Dave and Joel would be great to run the museum, and apparently the RRS taking the whole museum is a possibility that’s being considered.

Finally, Xavier wants to remind everyone that the voting on the amendments ends February 9th, 12 AM. Frank also commented that we should expect USC to present at February’s meeting.

The next Society meeting will be on February 9th, 2024, at the Compton/Woodley Airport location. Contact the Secretary for details.


by Dave Nordling, President, Reaction Research Society

RELEASE DATE: December 31, 2023

The Reaction Research Society (RRS) is pleased to announce an annual competition for university project teams to compete for an annual prize for the longest steady-state impulse duration of a regeneratively cooled bi-propellant liquid propellant rocket engine in static fire at the RRS MTA.  

All rules are explained below.  Rules are subject to change solely by the RRS and updates shall be provided on our website, RRS.ORG, whenever they arise.  The newest release date shall replace and void all prior copies.  In event of conflict, federal, state and local laws, the RRS Constitution and by-laws shall take precedence.

  1. Engines shall be designed and operated with liquid propellants.  Only bi-propellant engines are permitted.  Engines shall be safely tested in static fire conditions at the RRS MTA.  Only testing conducted at the RRS MTA after the start of the annual competition period will be considered for the prize.
  2. This will be an annual competition that will begin July 1, 2024.  Each annual competition period will begin on July 1st and close on June 30th of the following calendar year.  The RRS shall determine how long the competition will continue and may terminate this competition at any time.  A prize winner, if any, shall be announced no earlier than July 31st after that competition year closes.  Announcements shall be made on the RRS.ORG website.
  3. The RRS executive council shall appoint a three-person committee with the task of judging this competition and determining which team, if any, will be awarded the prize in accordance with the rules herein.  Committee members shall be technically proficient in liquid rocket engines and be neutral observers.  Committee members shall not have any influence over or be any part of any university team.  University teams are encouraged to ask questions of the committee at any time.  The committee’s decisions are final and not subject to repeal by the RRS.  All data and information regarding the engine testing must be recorded and submitted to the RRS for judging.
  4. Any missing information, deception or lack of clarity in the submitted information provided to the judging committee may result in disqualification of the testing attempt or barring the team from future competitions.
  5. Engines shall be designed and constructed by the student team and not be derived from pre-existing commercial or surplus hardware.  Teams shall provide a full description of all material suppliers and machining service providers used to the RRS judging committee.
  6. All teams shall provide a distinctive name for their team and must provide an accurate listing of all participating members and a single point of contact to serve as the advisor for the project.  The advisor must be a current university faculty member.  All teams must submit their membership list and full point of contact information for their advisor to the RRS.  
  7. Only university-funded projects consisting solely of students shall be allowed to participate. Sponsor-donated funds are acceptable, but for a team to be eligible for this competition they must represent a specific university.  All teams must provide a full description of their budget and all sources of funding to the RRS judging committee. All teams must provide sufficient financial information for the transfer of prize money or for the payment of fees or damages to the RRS.  
  8. Competition is open only to teams comprised entirely of US Persons and all teams must remain in full compliance with US ITAR laws.  US Persons are defined by being a natural person who is a lawful permanent resident as defined in 8 U.S.C 1101(a)(20) or who is a protected individual as defined by 8 U.S.C. 1324b(a)(3).  All teams shall provide a full listing of all participants and the universities shall issue statements to the RRS certifying compliance.  Failure to comply with ITAR laws shall result in disqualification from this competition.  This competition shall also be compliant to all US federal, state of California and local jurisdictional laws.  Additional requirements for eligibility may also apply.
  9. All participants in this competition shall list the RRS and its assignees as listed insured by their university insurance policy.  Consult the RRS executive council on these matters.
  10. All engines in this competition shall use a regenerative cooling scheme. The regenerative cooling flow path of the engine must cover the entire chamber length from injector face to throat line and to the nozzle exit plane.  There is no specific requirement on the direction of the regenerative cooling path in engine designs, but the coolant path geometry and design must be fully described in the submittals to the RRS judging committee.  All engine designs must have a diverging nozzle with a minimum expansion ratio of 4.0.  Local elevation of the RRS MTA is 2,300 feet above sea level.
  11. Ablative liners, graphite inserts or throats or the use of ceramic coatings are not permitted in engine designs in this competition.  
  12. All regenerative cooling paths must be demonstrated not to leak both before and after the valid test attempt.  This shall be confirmed by the RRS pyro-op in charge and the RRS judging committee.
  13. Transpiration cooling schemes from the chamber walls, throat, or nozzle are not permitted in engine designs in this competition.  Only transpiration cooling of the injector face is permitted.
  14. Dump cooling schemes are not permitted in engine designs in this competition.
  15. Boundary layer coolant holes from the injector face are acceptable but must not exceed 5% of the total injector mass flow as determined by analysis submitted and approved by the RRS judging committee.
  16. All participants will conduct their qualifying hot fires exclusively at the Reaction Research Society’s Mojave Test Area (MTA).  All scheduling shall be by the RRS president.  Testing conducted outside of the RRS MTA or conducted before the start of the annual competition period shall not be considered.
  17. All participants shall be subject to society rules on safety and operations and federal, state and local regulations.  A licensed CALFIRE Rockets Class 1 pyrotechnic operator is required to be present for each test attempt. The RRS president shall appoint the licensed pyrotechnic operator in charge for any operation at the MTA including each valid test attempt.
  18. Prize for the winning team will be $1.20 USD for every 1.0 lbf-seconds of verified steady state impulse operation meeting all requirements as determined by the RRS judging committee.  Longest steady-state duration shall be verified through submitted test data and information submitted by a competition team.  Team demonstrating the longest steady-state duration of a valid engine design shall be the winner in each annual period of competition only if it exceeds the prior record by the minimum impulse amount.   Prize will be awarded based on fully demonstrated and confirmed compliance with each of the following: (A) Minimum impulse to qualify for the prize at the start of the competition shall be 3,000 lbf-seconds in the steady-state condition.  (B) Prize money is based on the adjusted impulse value generated in test subtracting away this minimum qualifying impulse value. Example: a 1000 lbf engine fired for a steady-state duration of 25 seconds that meets all requirements has a total impulse of 25,000 lbf-sec, but will have an adjusted impulse of only 22,000 lbf-sec when subtracting the minimum impulse value.  The prize awarded, if this is the winning team, would be $26,400 USD in that annual competition period. Bonuses are considered separately. (C) Minimum chamber pressure throughout the entire steady-state period shall be 300 psig.  Chamber pressure values shall be rounded down to the nearest whole number value. (D) Minimum thrust throughout the entire steady state period shall be 300 lbf.  Thrust values shall be rounded down to the nearest whole number value. (E) Steady state conditions are defined as reaching and holding the declared nominal chamber pressure (psig) within +/~10% for the steady-state period. (F) Minimum steady-state period shall be for a minimum of 5.0 seconds.  Hot-fire durations shall be rounded down to the nearest tenth of a second. (G) Each annual competition winner must exceed the prior record by a minimum steady-state impulse of 300 lbf-seconds.  Otherwise, the prior record stands and no winner is awarded in that annual period of competition. (H)  If no team is successful in surpassing the initial minimum impulse (in part a) or surpasses previous record from the past annual competition periods by the minimum amount (in part g), no award will be given.  (I) No more than one team will be awarded the prize in any annual competition period. (J) Maximum prize is capped at $50,000 USD.  Any bonuses may be awarded on top of the prize money if the RRS judging committee can confirm full compliance to the requirements for the bonuses.  Bonuses are awarded only to the annual competition winner if there is one.
  19. A $1,500 fixed bonus shall be awarded only to the annual competition winner if their engine design entirely avoids the use of 3-D printing or any additively manufactured parts as confirmed by the RRS judging committee.  This bonus is to reward those teams demonstrating more desirable skills in traditional manufacturing.
  20. Each winning team shall be required to fully describe their engine design with their hot-fire results in a 20-minute presentation to be given at the next annual RRS symposium.  The purpose of this competition is to aid the development of the technology by sharing best practices.
  21. All qualifying test attempts for the annual competition prize shall measure thrust, chamber pressure and all propellant flow rates by data files submitted to and by techniques validated by the judging committee.  All valid attempts to claim the prize will include the minimum amount of functioning instrumentation during the entire hot-fire period being evaluated.  All teams shall declare their targeted performance parameters in advance of their testing attempt for valid comparison and qualification for the prize.  Failure to meet any of these requirements shall invalidate the testing attempt.
  22. Instrumentation shall include a direct measurement of chamber pressure, engine thrust, and the propellant mass flow rates of all fuels and oxidizers. Measurements of fuel and oxidizer supply manifold pressures may be included but neither shall be a valid substitute for direct chamber pressure measurement. Microsoft Excel CSV files are the only allowed file format.  
  23. Minimum data sampling resolution for all instrumentation shall be 0.1 seconds (10 Hz) with the exception of temperature measurements which shall be (0.25 Hz) if temperature measurements are used.
  24. Minimum accuracy of all pressure, thrust and mass flow rate measurements shall be no more than 5% of declared nominal values as stated by the team prior to the test attempt.  Error analysis and instrumentation accuracy information shall be supplied to and confirmed by the RRS judging committee with the test data.
  25. All participants including visitors and spectators shall have signed and submitted the indemnification waivers in advance of their arrival to the MTA on any day of operation. All participants including visitors and spectators shall fully comply with the instructions of the pyrotechnic operator in charge.  The pyrotechnic operator in charge or the RRS reserves the right to limit the number of people in attendance at any particular MTA event.
  26. RRS shall approve all test plans, hardware, engine designs and operations well in advance of testing before allowing the test to be scheduled.  A minimum of 4 weeks advance notice with all final materials submitted is recommended.  Review of all testing equipment, test plans, procedures, safety features and equipment must be conducted by a Class 1 licensed pyro-op or an expert appointed by the RRS president.
  27. The pyrotechnic operator in charge has full authority to stop any operation or disqualify any team for any reason.  All participants, attendees, visitors and spectators shall fully and immediately comply with all RRS appointed pyrotechnic operator instructions at all times.
  28. All resources used in this competition shall be coordinated and approved by the RRS president.  The RRS is not obligated to provide any financial or material support to any team in this competition.
  29. All hot-fire attempts for this competition shall be subject to a minimum daily fee of $500 USD paid to the RRS within 30 calendar days of the test attempt. Universities may have multiple teams in the competition but each team shall be required to pay their own $500 USD minimum daily fee for that specific team.  The RRS standard fee policy shall apply to any operations outside of this competition.  Failure to pay fees can result in disqualification or exclusion from future competition of the university. Fees are not refundable, but attempts may be rescheduled with sufficient advance notice.
  30. All teams shall be responsible for providing adequate and suitable fire suppression measures and the protection of RRS assets.  
  31. All teams shall be responsible for the repair of damage to RRS assets sustained in events related to testing or paying for the costs of repairs as determined by the RRS.
  32. All teams shall make safety their highest priority.  All teams shall be responsible for designing safe and reliable pressure relief and venting systems, propellant filling and draining operations, prevention of cryogenic hazards including exposure, fire and trapped fluid volumes, and incorporate adequate spill and contamination prevention and mitigation measures.  All systems including but not limited to instrumentation, remote actuation, ignition, propellant and pressurization management shall be fully described for a full review by the RRS and the pyrotechnic operator in charge prior well in advance of any testing day.  Changes to the designs after review are not permitted without subsequent review and approval by the RRS and pyrotechnic operator in charge. Teams are strongly encouraged to consult with the RRS in all phases of their design and development processes including the early conceptual periods.
  33. All teams shall abide by the stored energy limitations (10,000 Joules) for all attended operations at the RRS MTA.  Otherwise, only remotely controlled operations are permitted.  All teams shall fully and immediately comply with the instructions given by the pyrotechnic operator in charge as appointed by the RRS president.
  34. All teams shall abide by the flaring stack rules on the venting of volatile fuels as imposed by the RRS.
  35. The wearing and proper use of suitable personnel protective equipment in all operations at the RRS MTA is mandatory and shall be the sole responsibility of every individual.
  36. All teams participating in this competition are required to specifically mention the “Reaction Research Society” in their related public announcements or social media postings.  Contact the RRS secretary and vice-president for details.

For any questions regarding this competition or its rules, contact the RRS president or the RRS director of research.  Questions shall be relayed from the executive council to the judging committee for their consideration.  Please use the official RRS emails as individual officers are elected to annual terms and offices may change ownership in each calendar year.

Other important points of contact include:

Updates and new releases on this competition will be announced by postings on the Reaction Research Society website,


For US Mail correspondence, write to:

Reaction Research Society

8821 Aviation Blvd.

P.O. Box 90933

Los Angeles, CA, 90009-0933